Prevalence and clinical aspects of tungiasis in south-west Nigerian schoolchildren

Ugbomoiko, Uade S., Ariza, Liana, O Babamale, Abdulkareem, and Heukelbach, Jorg (2017) Prevalence and clinical aspects of tungiasis in south-west Nigerian schoolchildren. Tropical Doctor, 47 (1). pp. 34-38.

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Abstract

Tungiasis is highly prevalent in resource-poor communities in sub-Saharan Africa, but studies among schoolchildren are scanty. We assessed prevalence, parasite load and clinical aspects of tungiasis in schoolchildren in south-western Nigeria. A total of 545 schoolchildren was examined. Of these, 133 (24.4%; 95% CI, 20.9-28.2%) were infested with Tunga penetrans. Boys showed a higher prevalence than girls (31% versus 18%, P<0.0001); in those infested, the median number of lesions was two, with no gender difference (2 boys, interquartile range, 1-4; 2 girls; interquartile range, 1-4; P=0.34). The maximum number of 44 lesions was found in a 14-year-old boy. Desquamation was present in 90.2%, followed by erythema (54.9%) and oedema (43.6%); 54.9% showed any chronic pathology and more one-third nail deformations. Our study indicates that tungiasis is an important health problem in rural Nigerian schoolchildren. Sustainable interventions are required to control the disease in this and similar communities.

Item ID: 50371
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-1133
Keywords: tungiasis, epidemiology, morbidity, schoolchildren, Nigeria
Funders: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) – Brazil, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Projects and Grants: CNPq PROAFRICA grant, CAPES PhD scholarship
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110803 Medical Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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