Nurses' attitudes towards co-workers infected with HIV or Hepatitis B or C in Vietnam

Ishimaru, Tomohiro, Wada, Koji, Thi Xuan Huong, Hoang, My Anh, Bui Thi, Nguyen, Dinh Hung, Hung, Le, and Smith, Derek R. (2017) Nurses' attitudes towards co-workers infected with HIV or Hepatitis B or C in Vietnam. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 48 (2). pp. 376-385.

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Abstract

Stigma and discrimination experienced by nurses infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) potentially undermine their positions. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with nurses' attitudes towards accepting co-workers with HIV, HBV, or HCV. The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional. Four hundred Vietnamese nurses participated in this study using stratified random sampling at two public hospitals in Hanoi, Vietnam. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to obtain data. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression was performed to analyze data. Nine percent of nurses had experienced a needle-stick or sharps injury (NSI) from a patient infected with HIV, and 15.8% of respondents reported having a previous NSI from a patient infected with HBV or HCV. Some nurses reported that they could not accept contact between patients and nurses infected with HIV (25.2%) and HBV or HCV (12.7%). Older age and a belief that colleagues should disclose their infection status were associated with positive attitudes towards HIV-, HBV-, or HCV-positive colleagues. Fear of transmission was associated with negative attitudes towards HIV-positive co-workers. Infected employees disclosure of their status may help their colleagues to be more accepting by providing appropriate workplace adjustments for infected employees. HIV is generally a more stigmatized infection, and therefore attitudes towards HIV-positive co-workers might be affected by fear of transmission. Providing education to recognize infectious risk may be effective in improving nurses' attitudes in Vietnam, as elsewhere.

Item ID: 50358
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0125-1562
Keywords: discrimination, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, occupational health, stigma, Vietnam
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Funders: National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:14
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920404 Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response) @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920504 Occupational Health @ 50%
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