Psychosocial factors and colleagues' perceptions of return-to-work opportunities for workers with a psychiatric disorder: a Japanese population-based study

Eguchi, Hisashi, Wada, Koji, Higuchi, Yoshiyuki, and Smith, Derek R. (2017) Psychosocial factors and colleagues' perceptions of return-to-work opportunities for workers with a psychiatric disorder: a Japanese population-based study. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 22 (1). 23.

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Abstract

Background: This study examined associations between psychosocial factors and the perception that adequate employment opportunities might not be provided for people with limited work capacity due to psychiatric disorders.

Methods: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey of 3,710 employed individuals aged 20 to 69 years in Japan. Our survey included the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire and investigated participants' perception of opportunities in their workplace for individuals with a psychiatric disorder returning to work (colleagues' negative perception) and psychosocial factors (job demand, job control, and workplace social support). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate potential associations between psychosocial factors and colleagues' negative perception.

Results: Colleagues' negative perception was associated with low workplace social support (middle tertile: Odds Ratio [OR]: 1.26, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.12-1.40; low tertile: OR 1.45, 95% CI: 1.32-1.58; p for trend < 0.01); low levels of job control (middle tertile: OR 1.22, 95% CI: 1.06-1.38; low tertile: OR 1.64, 95% CI: 1.46-1.81; p for trend < 0.01); and no previous experience working with a person with a psychiatric disorder (OR 1.74, 95% CI: 1.60-1.88).

Conclusions: Psychosocial factors may affect colleagues' perceptions of individuals with a psychiatric disorder returning to work in Japan. Greater consideration of psychosocial factors in the workplace may be necessary to facilitate people with a psychiatric disorder successfully returning to work in Japan, as elsewhere.

Item ID: 50355
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1347-4715
Keywords: mental health, return to work, psychosocial factors, socioeconomic factors
Additional Information:

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Funders: Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Japan (MoH)
Projects and Grants: MoH Health Labour Sciences Research Grant number H26-Policy-Grant-in-Wakate-013
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 08:14
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920413 Social Structure and Health @ 50%
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