Prediction of everyday task performance in older adults by perceived health, self-efficacy and cognitive ability

Helmes, Edward, and Klinger, Joan (2017) Prediction of everyday task performance in older adults by perceived health, self-efficacy and cognitive ability. Cogent Psychology, 4. 1297281.

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While research links neuropsychological performance to everyday functioning in cognitively impaired older adults, comparatively little research has investigated this relationship in unimpaired older people. This study investigated that relationship. A total of 134 independently living adults aged 60-93 years completed Cognistat, the Direct Assessment of Functional Status (DAFS), the Personality in Intellectual-Aging Contexts and a four-item subjective health measure. Hierarchical regression was used to examine the relative ability of these measures to predict the functional domains of the DAFS, hypothesizing that the health and self-efficacy measures would be more strongly associated with DAFS scores than with the cognitive domains. Self-reported health accounted for little variance in all measures, whereas self-efficacy contributed significantly to four functional domains. The cognitive variables contributed to only two domains, with memory the most consistent predictor. The study showed that a brief cognitive measure can partially predict the functional ability of older independently living adults.

Item ID: 50304
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2331-1908
Keywords: functional assessment, IADLs, cognition, older adults, self-efficacy, physical health
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© 2017 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license

Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 07:47
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420301 Aged health care @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing @ 40%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 60%
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