Circulating biomarkers are not associated wtih endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms

Moxon, Joseph V., Ng, Eugene, Lazzaroni, Sharon M., Boult, Margaret, Velu, Ramesh, Fitridge, Robert A., and Golledge, Jonathan (2018) Circulating biomarkers are not associated wtih endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 67 (3). pp. 770-777.

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Objective: Endoleak is a common complication of endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), but can only be detected through prolonged follow-up with repeated aortic imaging. This study examined the potential for circulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), osteoprotegerin (OPG), D-dimer, homocysteine (HCY) and C-reactive protein (CRP) to act as diagnostic markers for endoleak in AAA patients undergoing elective EVAR.

Methods: Linear mixed effects models were constructed to assess differences in AAA diameter after EVAR, between groups of patients who did, and did not develop endoleak during follow-up, adjusting for potential confounders. Circulating MMP9, OPG, D-dimer, HCY and CRP concentrations were measured in pre- and post-operative plasma samples. The association of these markers with endoleak diagnosis was assessed using linear mixed effects adjusted as above. The potential for each marker to diagnose endoleak was assessed using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves.

Results: Seventy-five patients were included in the current study, 24 of whom developed an endoleak during follow-up. Patients with an endoleak had significantly large AAA sac diameters than those that did not have an endoleak. None of the assessed markers showed a significant association with endoleak. This was confirmed through ROC curve analyses indicating poor diagnostic ability for all markers.

Conclusions: Circulating concentrations of MMP9, OPG, D-dimer, HCY and CRP were not associated with endoleak in patients undergoing EVAR in this study.

Item ID: 49905
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6809
Funders: Townsville Hospital and Health Service (THHS), Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Queensland Government (QG)
Projects and Grants: THHS research grant, NHMRC grant 1022752, NHMRC grant 1000967, NHMRC grant 1117061, QG Senior Clinical Research Fellowship, QG Advance Queensland Fellowship, NHMRC practitioner fellowship 1117061
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 05:56
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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