Identification of novel oyster allergens using a combined transcriptomic and proteomic approach for improved component resolved diagnosis

Nugraha, Roni, Kamath, Sandip D., Ruethers, Thimo, Johnston, Elecia, Koeberl, Martina, Rolland, Jennifer M., O'Hehir, Robyn E., Zenger, Kyall R., and Lopata, Andreas L. (2016) Identification of novel oyster allergens using a combined transcriptomic and proteomic approach for improved component resolved diagnosis. Internal Medicine Journal, 46 (Supplement 4). P16. p. 9.

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Background: Increasing production and consumption of mollusc is associated with the rise in prevalence of mollusc allergy worldwide, currently ranging from 0.15% to 1.3% of the general population. However, the elucidation of mollusc allergens for better diagnostics still lags behind other seafood groups such as fish and crustacean. Genomic data have been utilized previously for improved identification of non-food allergens by performing similarity searching using the BLAST program. Based on the published genome of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) we aimed to identify the complete potential oyster allergen repertoire using ioinformatics analysis, and to investigate identified protein allergenicity using a combination of immuno-chemical methods and proteomic analysis.

Results: Ninety-five potential allergenic proteins of the Pacific oyster were discovered using in silico analyses. These proteins were of same protein family and had more than 50% amino acid identity with their homologous allergens. The allergenicity of these proteins was characterized using a combination of immunoassay and transcriptome-derived proteomics analyses. However The 2D-immunoblotting results showed only twenty two IgE-reactive spots in the raw extract of the Pacific oyster, and six spots in the heated extract. The identity of these IgE-reactive proteins was investigated by mass spectrometry. Sixteen allergens were identified, some with two or more isoforms.

Conclusions: The combination of genomics coupled to proteomics and IgE-reactivity profiling is a powerful method for the identification of novel allergens from food sources. Using this combination approach we were able to expand the current knowledge on IgE-reactivity to various proteins of the Pacific oyster. These newly identified allergens and knowledge of their gene sequences will facilitate the development of improved component resolved diagnosis and future immunotherapy approach for oyster allergy.

Item ID: 49828
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1445-5994
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Presented at the 27th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, 14-17 September 2016, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2017 00:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110701 Allergy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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