The role of topography and plant functional traits in determining tropical reforestation success

Cheesman, Alex W., Preece, Noel, van Oosterzee, Penny, Erskine, Peter D., and Cernusak, Lucas A. (2017) The role of topography and plant functional traits in determining tropical reforestation success. Journal of Applied Ecology. pp. 1-32. (In Press)

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Abstract

1. Early establishment and sapling growth is a key phase in ensuring cost-effective reforestation success in relation to biodiversity outcomes. Therefore species selection must consider the interaction between plant functional traits and the often-challenging and heterogeneous biophysical environment of degraded landscapes.

2. In this study, we examine how microtopography (slope) results in spatial heterogeneity of soil nutrients, especially phosphorus (P) in a degraded tropical pasture landscape in Queensland, Australia. We then explore how this small-scale heterogeneity influences the growth of two native tree species, Cardwellia (C.) sublimis (Proteaceae) and Flindersia (F.) brayleyana (Rutaceae), which differ in key nutrient-acquisition strategies.

3. The proteaceous C. sublimis was found to be buffered from possible P limitation in degraded soils due to its effective P acquisition by cluster roots. In contrast to C. sublimis, which showed no difference in growth after 5 years across a range of soil conditions, F. brayleyana was found to be highly responsive to soil conditions with increased growth in low-slope, higher P availability areas. The ability of F. brayleyana to take advantage of high soil P levels, including the development of leaves with higher P concentrations, resulted in an apparent switch in competitive fitness between these two species across a landscape gradient.

4. Synthesis and applications. In a detailed study of a landscape reforestation experiment in North Queensland, Australia, we demonstrate that site edaphic factors can vary within tens of meters due to topographic relief, and that species respond differently to these conditions. We therefore show the need to consider both the spatial heterogeneity of edaphic factors and the below ground functional traits of potential reforestation species when planning reforestation programs.

Item ID: 49717
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Cardwellia sublimis, cluster roots, edaphic factors, Flindersia brayleyana, functional traits, organic matter, phosphorous, rainforest, slope, topography
ISSN: 1365-2664
Funders: Australian Government Biodiversity Fund
Projects and Grants: ARC Linkage Project LP0989161
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 23:36
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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