Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Guérin, Valérie (2017) Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG). In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) Commands: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 206-222.

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Abstract

Commands are pervasive in everyday conversations held in Tayatuk, a Finisterre language of the Morobe province in Papua New Guinea. Imperatives in Tayatuk usually order people around but also frequently express approval. The future and the non-final morphologies can also be recruited as command strategies to express, respectively, a command remote in time and space and an appeal. Formally, imperatives do not constitute a uniform paradigm. Canonical imperatives are expressed by the bare form of the verb (for 2sg) and with dedicated imperative morphology for 2pl and 2du. Non-canonical imperatives (for 1 and 3) borrow morphology from the irrealis paradigm. Negative imperatives form a defective paradigm of their own: a single inflection is used regardless of the person and numbers of the subject. The data suggest that imperatives and prohibitives in Tayatuk form separate clause types.

Item ID: 49692
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-880322-5
Keywords: linguistic, typology, imperatives, Tayatuk, PNG
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 05:29
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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