What Dyirbal uses instead of commands

Dixon, R.M.W. (2017) What Dyirbal uses instead of commands. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) Commands. Explorations in Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 127-145.

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Abstract

Dyirbal has verbal inflections which have been referred to as ‘positive imperative’ and ‘negative imperative’. However, their meanings and functions extend far beyond these traditional labels. Their subjects can be first or second person singular and plural, and they can occur in questions. The ‘positive imperative’ refers to the potentiality of something, which usually does, but may not, eventuate. It corresponds to a number of modal meanings (should, can, must, and will). The negative imperative is used to suggest caution, warning about what it is inadvisable to do. It is shown how the ‘potentiality’ and ‘caution’ verbal inflections relate to the social ambiance in which they are used.

Item ID: 49691
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-880322-5
Keywords: Dyirbal, linguistic, typology
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 05:33
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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