Imperatives in Ashaninka Satipo (Kampa Arawak) of Peru

Mihas, Elena (2017) Imperatives in Ashaninka Satipo (Kampa Arawak) of Peru. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) Commands: a cross-linguistic typology. Explorations in Linguistic Typology . Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 83-105.

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Abstract

This chapter’s goal is to survey Ashaninka Satipo (Arawak) commanding communicative moves. It argues that imperatives form a paradigm consisting of the first person cohortative construction with the discourse particle tsame ‘come on’, second person canonical imperative construction characterized by a special intonation, and the third person jussive construction formed either with the intentional =ta on the lexical verb or on the copula kant ‘be this way’. In positive commands, the verbs are inflected for irrealis. The canonical imperative has a negative counterpart, whereas the cohortative and jussive verb forms lack them. While commanding, conversationalists tend to select specific linguistic resources which reflect their group membership status. Social equals have recourse to the same linguistic means as conversationalists in superior roles, but they also use the ‘want’ and ‘wish’ constructions and counter-assertive pronouns. The basic second person imperative forms are employed irrespective of the social status.

Item ID: 49690
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-880322-5
Keywords: Ashaninka, Awarak, linguistic, typology
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 05:37
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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