Systems anthropometry of Digital Human Models for seat design

Reynolds, Herbert, and Paul, Gunther (2018) Systems anthropometry of Digital Human Models for seat design. In: Goonetilleke, Ravindra S., and Karwowski, Waldemar, (eds.) Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 602 . Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 184-195.

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Traditional vehicle package engineering assumes that driver anthropometry and the location of vehicle controls determine driver posture, and thus seat parameters. Due failure of this approach to provide comfortable seating conditions, ERL combines a systems anthropometry model with a force deflection model of the seat and soft tissue digital human model (DHM) to design seat specifications for the driving package. With the systems anthropometry model, we optimize seat design for calculated driver positions and postures. We derive comfort scores from measurements of the interface between the DHM, seat and controls. Analysis of 13 passenger cars and 10 utility vehicles shows that drivers adapt to vehicle interiors with different postures that are inconsistently associated with vehicle type. In conclusion, the seat affects how and where we sit. Thus, DHMs are needed for both seat and package design at the very beginning of vehicle development.

Item ID: 49553
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-3-319-60824-2
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Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors, 17-21 July, 2017, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 02:44
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4003 Biomedical engineering > 400303 Biomechanical engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8613 Transport Equipment > 861302 Automotive Equipment @ 100%
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