The Silk Road revisited? Locating Xinjiang in the 'China Dream'

Hayes, Anna (2016) The Silk Road revisited? Locating Xinjiang in the 'China Dream'. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual East Asia Security Symposium and Conference. pp. 1-8. From: 12th Annual East Asia Security Symposium and Conference, 22-26 June 2015, Beijing, China.

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Abstract

For the most part, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and its peoples are an uncomfortable fit in both the Chinese state and the China Dream. However, XUAR is an integral part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Therefore, the success of this initiative, and the China Dream, has increased the importance of this frontier region. No longer just a comfortable buffer zone between China and its neighbours, XUAR is now an important zone in China's new Silk Road Economic Belt. However, alongside these developments instability within XUAR has been heightened. Terrorist incidents linked to the region have occurred in other parts of China, including Beijing, and the region has even attracted the attention of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). One key element in the rise of unrest across the region has been the disempowered development that occurred as a result of the former Great Western Development Scheme (GWDS), which was an earlier component of China's 'turn west' strategy. Given the BRI in XUAR is currently following a similar economic development pattern to the GWDS, the stage is set for the BRI to further deepen human insecurity and economic disadvantage along ethnic lines across the region. This paper cautions that the increase of human insecurity and regional unrest poses serious challenges to the People's Republic of China's continental frontier and ultimately the 'China Dream'.

Item ID: 49224
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
Keywords: Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China Dream, Belt and Road Initiative, Great Western Development Strategy
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 01:52
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1606 Political Science > 160606 Government and Politics of Asia and the Pacific @ 100%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9402 Government and Politics > 940201 Civics and Citizenship @ 50%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9402 Government and Politics > 940203 Political Systems @ 50%
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