Tree culture of smallholder farmers practicing agroforestry in Gunung Salak Valley, West Java, Indonesia

Rahman, Syed Ajijur, Roshetko, James M., Sunderland, Terry, Basuki, Imam, and Healey, John R. (2016) Tree culture of smallholder farmers practicing agroforestry in Gunung Salak Valley, West Java, Indonesia. Small-Scale Forestry, 15 (4). pp. 433-442.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (688kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


This paper investigates the types of agroforestry system that exist in Gunung Salak Valley, West Java, Indonesia in order to characterize the differences in their basic structure and associated crop plant diversity. Data were collected through rapid rural appraisal, field observation and focus groups, followed by household survey of a sample of 20 agroforestry farmers. Five main agroforestry systems (homegardens, fruit tree system, timber tree system, mixed fruit–timber system, and cropping in the forest understory) exist in the study area, and all of them exhibit a noticeable diversity in terms of both species composition and utilization. Products from farming accounted for an average 24 % of household income. They comprised agroforestry products which contributed IDR 3.25 million/year and other agricultural products contributing IDR 1.66 million/year. The observed agroforestry systems include not only a form of forest dominated by ‘cultivated trees’, but also an anthropogenic vegetation formation derived from agricultural antecedents. In land-use classifications agroforestry systems are not recognized as forestry, but like forests they provide tree products and services. Classification will always be disfunctional if a binary system is applied, thus a more sophisticated approach should be adopted that incorporates the economic and environmental characteristics of a wider range of systems.

Item ID: 49172
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-7854
Keywords: anthropogenic vegetation, folk farmers, Hortus, income, species diversity
Additional Information:

© 2016, The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Funders: FONASO, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 01:17
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070501 Agroforestry @ 50%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070504 Forestry Management and Environment @ 50%
SEO Codes: 82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8201 Forestry > 820103 Integration of Farm and Forestry @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 130
Last 12 Months: 19
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page