Psychosocial screening and management of young people aged 18-25 years with diabetes

d'Emden, Helen, McDermott, Brett, D'Silva, Neisha, Dover, Tom, Ewais, Tatjana, Gibbons, Kirsten, and O'Moore-Sullivan, Trisha (2017) Psychosocial screening and management of young people aged 18-25 years with diabetes. Internal Medicine Journal, 47 (4). pp. 415-423.

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Background: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended.

Aims: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use.

Methods: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific and perceived stress (Kessler 10, Problem Area in Diabetes, Perceived Stress Scale), well-being (World Health Organization Well Being Index-5), disordered eating (Eating Disorder Risk Inventory-3 Risk Composite), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support), resilience (Connor Davidson Resilience Scale – 2 item) and financial concerns. Service provision and demographic data were also collected. Diabetes and mental health clinicians then identified a subset of measures to use for routine screening along with care pathways.

Results: Psychosocial screening was well accepted. Participants (151) had suboptimal glycaemic control (glycated haemoglobin 8.0 interquartile range 1.8%/64 interquartile range 22 mmol/mol). Severe diabetes-related distress (Problem Area in Diabetes ≥40) was found in 19.4% and 26.0% reported difficulties managing healthcare costs. A mental health disorder was likely in 9.7%, whilst 23.4% had high Kessler 10 scores. Low World Health Organization Well Being Index-5 scores (≤13) were seen in 29.0%. Risk for an eating disorder (Eating Disorder Risk Inventory-3 Risk Composite) was 12.7%, whereas approximately 36.0% had disturbed eating behaviours.

Conclusion: Psychosocial screening of young adults with diabetes identified complex needs. A brief psychosocial screening tool and associated care pathways were developed for routine use in a young adult tertiary referral diabetes clinic. The tool assesses constructs, such as diabetes distress, depression, anxiety, well-being, hypoglycaemia-unawareness, fear of hypoglycaemia, social support, weight, shape and eating concerns and financial concerns. This will provide a longitudinal data source for further research to inform clinical practice.

Item ID: 48836
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1445-5994
Funders: Mater Research
Date Deposited: 02 May 2017 21:54
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320208 Endocrinology @ 50%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420313 Mental health services @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 50%
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