Impact of a person-centred community rehabilitation service on outcomes for individuals with a neurological condition

Barker, Ruth N., Sealey, Cindy J., Polley, Michelle L., Mervin, Merehau C., and Comans, Tracy (2017) Impact of a person-centred community rehabilitation service on outcomes for individuals with a neurological condition. Disability and Rehabilitation, 39 (11). pp. 1136-1142.

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the impact of a person-centred, community rehabilitation service on outcomes for people with a neurological condition, in the first year of service.

Method: A prospective, observational, pre-post study was conducted with 206 people who had a neurological condition and attended the rehabilitation service to restore function (e.g., Stroke); maximize recovery in an ongoing situation (e.g., Spina Bifida); or maximize function and independence while preparing for inevitable decline (e.g., Parkinson's Disease). Outcomes were measured via self-report questionnaires, prior to, and following three months of rehabilitation. The primary outcome was achievement of self-identified goals, measured by the Patient-Specific Functional scale. Secondary outcomes included the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale, EQ-5D-5L European Quality of Life scale, and ICECAP-O – Index of Capability for Older Adults and health and medical resource use.

Results: Participants demonstrated significant goal achievement and a significant reduction in health and medical resource use. There were small positive changes in the Lawton IADL, EQ-5D-5L, and ICECAP-O however these changes were not significant.

Conclusions: In the first year of operation, the community rehabilitation service made a significant impact on outcomes for individuals with a neurological condition. Further research is required to identify appropriate measures of activities of daily living and quality of life that reflect person-centred rehabilitation outcomes for restoring function, maximizing function, or preparing for functional decline.

- Implications for Rehabilitation

- Self-identified goals are an important guide for achievement of meaningful outcomes for individuals with a neurological condition.

- Person-centred outcome measures are required to evaluate the benefits of a person-centred community rehabilitation service for individuals with a neurological condition.

Item ID: 48833
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1464-5165
Keywords: goals; rural and remote; service evaluation; student assisted
Funders: Northern Australia Primary Health Ltd. (NAPH), James Cook University (JCU), Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDHA)
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 22:34
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111708 Health and Community Services @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes @ 100%
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