Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases

Grant, Evan H. Campbell, Muths, Erin, Katz, Rachel A., Canessa, Stefano, Adams, Michael J., Ballard, Jennifer R., Berger, Lee, Briggs, Cheryl J., Coleman, Jeremy T.H., Gray, Matthew J., Harris, M. Camille, Harris, Reid N., Hossack, Blake, Huyvaert, Kathryn P, Kolby, Jonathan, Lips, Karen R., Lovich, Robert E., McCallum, Hamish I., Mendelson III, Joseph R., Nanjappa, Priya, Olson, Deanna H., Powers, Jenny G., Richgels, Katherine L.D., Russell, Robin E., Schmidt, Benedikt, Spitzen-van der Sluijs, Annemarieke, Watry, Mary Kay, Woodhams, Douglas, and White, C. LeAnn (2017) Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 15 (4). pp. 214-221.

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Abstract

Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that reduce future impacts even before a disease is detected, and plan subsequent actions that are conditional on disease emergence. We identify four main obstacles to developing proactive management strategies for the newly discovered salamander pathogen Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans(Bsal). Given that uncertainty is a hallmark of wildlife disease management and that associated decisions are often complicated by multiple competing objectives, we advocate using decision analysis to create and evaluate trade-offs between proactive (pre-emergence) and reactive (post-emergence) management options. Policy makers and natural resource agency personnel can apply principles from decision analysis to improve strategies for countering emerging infectious diseases.

Item ID: 48809
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1540-9309
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2017 05:50
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070707 Veterinary Microbiology (excl Virology) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960405 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species at Regional or Larger Scales @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 50%
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