The early production of Javanese batik imitations in Europe (1813-1840)

Wronska-Friend, Maria (2017) The early production of Javanese batik imitations in Europe (1813-1840). In: Jenny, Daniel, (ed.) Glarner Tuch Gespräche. Comptoir-Blatter, 10-11 . Comptoir von Daniel Jenny & Cie, Glarus, Switzerland, pp. 49-58.

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Abstract

The paper analysis the industrial production of copies of Javanese batik textiles in Europe, in the first half of the 19th century (1813-1840). The production was initiated by Th.S. Raffles who, as the Lieutenant-Governor of Java (1811-1816), in 1813 sent to the Directors of the East India Company in London samples of Javanese batiks with a request to produce in UK their copies and export them to Java. The fabrics arrived in Batavia (Jakarta) in 1814, initiating a century of highly profitable European textile trade to Indonesia. During the ensuing three decades the most notable producers of industrial copies of Javanese batiks were Great Britain, Belgium and The Netherlands, with each of these countries trying to monopolise the Javanese market. In the same period France and Switzerland abstained from the mass-production of copies of Javanese batiks but instead developed a highly specialised and profitable production of Turkish-red sarongs. The successful production of Javanese batiks required an access to original fabrics. The paper presents the efforts of Carlos Forel Koechlin, a trader from Alsace, who during the years 1828-1829 visited Southeast Asia and returned with a significant collection of Indonesian textiles which is probably the oldest dated group of these textiles in Europe (nowadays in the Museum of Printed Textiles in Mulhouse, France)

Item ID: 48591
Item Type: Book Chapter (Scholarly Work)
ISBN: 978-3-033-05969-6
Keywords: Javanese batik textiles; European printed textiles for Indonesia 19 century; industrial copies of Javanese batik; Thomas Stamford Raffles; Carlos Forel Koechlin
Additional Information:

Text for this chapter is in English. Remaining chapters in the book are either in English or German.

Date Deposited: 11 May 2017 04:06
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology @ 40%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2103 Historical Studies > 210302 Asian History @ 30%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2103 Historical Studies > 210307 European History (excl British, Classical Greek and Roman) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology @ 50%
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