Duke, Norman C. (2011) Mangroves. In: Hopley, David C., (ed.) Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs. Structure, Form and Process. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series . Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 655-663.

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[Extract] Mangroves are one of the world's dominant coastal ecosystems comprised chiefly of flowering trees and shrubs uniquely adapted to marine and estuarine tidal conditions. They form distinctly vegetated and often densely structured habitat of verdant closed canopies cloaking coastal margins and estuaries of equatorial, tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Mangroves are well-known for their morphological and physiological adaptations coping with salt, saturated soils and regular tidal inundation, notably with specialised attributes like: exposed breathing roots above ground; extra stem support structures; salt-excreting leaves; low water potentials and high intracellular salt concentrations to maintain favourable water relations in saline environments; and viviparous water-dispersed propagules.

Item ID: 48518
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-90-481-2638-5
Keywords: mangroves; habitat; ecosystem; global; benefits; productivity; biodiversity; IWP; AEP
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 01:28
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 30%
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