Pronouns and inclusory languange in Kove

Sato, Hiroko (2016) Pronouns and inclusory languange in Kove. Language & Linguistics in Melanesia, 34 (1). pp. 107-138.

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Abstract

Kove, an Oceanic language of Papua New Guinea, has independent (free) personal and some dependent (bound) pronominal forms, namely subject markers, object suffixes, and possessive affixes. The pronominal system encodes three personal distinctions: first person, second person, and third person. There is also a distinction between inclusive and exclusive.

While Kove generally marks two numbers, singular and plural, independent pronouns have two more number categories. One is the dual and the other is the so-called "collective." The collective refers to a group that consists of members of different families. In contrast, the plural usually refers to a group of people from a single family. While I recognize the dual and the collective in Kove's pronominal system, I separate them from the singular and plural pronouns based on their syntactic behavior, which differs from that of the singular and plural pronouns in three main ways. First, the dual and the collective pronouns can co-occur with object suffixes. Second, they can function as inclusory pronouns. Third, the collective pronoun can occur with the independent plural pronouns.

Item ID: 48516
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0023-1959
Keywords: Papua New Guinea, Kove, pronouns, inclusory pronouns, collective, dual
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2017 23:25
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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