Mangroves of South-East Australia

Duke, Norm (2012) Mangroves of South-East Australia. In: Sainty, Geoff, Hosking, John, Carr, Geoff, and Adam, Paul, (eds.) Estuary plants and what's happening to them in south-east Australia. Sainty and Associates, Potts Point, Sydney, pp. 132-139.

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[Extract] The mangroves of south-east Australia have special features beyond the defining characteristics of this unique plant group, and in keeping with a transitional temperate climate for the region (Duke et al. 1998a; Duke 2006). In general, mangroves are intertidal halophytes with a capacity to grow taller than 1-2 metres in height, often around 3-5 metres - and sometimes up to 50 metres in equatorial places. Like tidal saltmarsh plants, mangroves routinely deal with salt and saturated soils. Their success in meeting these challenges is measured, in part, by the number of species occupying in these habitats worldwide, and the number of specialised adaptations in morphology, anatomy, life history and physiology.

Mangroves are surprisingly well-represented in south-east Australia, given their location in relatively high latitudes. In general, this unique group of chiefly tropical halophytes comprises a wide diversity of 21 plant families, made-up of angiosperms predominantly, plus a gymnosperm. In south-east Australia, the diversity of mangroves is relatively low, with the gymnosperm, Acrostichum - the Mangrove Fern, and four flowering plant families, Rhizophoraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrsinaceae and Avicenniaceae (or Acanthaceae). In this diverse group, there are six mangrove species found in the south-east, south of the Queensland border.

Item ID: 48496
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 0-9581055-3-8
Keywords: mangroves; plants; habitat; distribution; ecology; SE Australia; IWP
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 01:54
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 40%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050203 Environmental Education and Extension @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960609 Sustainability Indicators @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 30%
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