Does ethnicity matter in risk and protective factors for suicide attempts and suicide lethality?

Choo, Carol C., Harris, Keith M., Chew, Peter K.H., and Ho, Roger C. (2017) Does ethnicity matter in risk and protective factors for suicide attempts and suicide lethality? PLoS ONE, 12 (4).

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Abstract

This study explores ethnic differences in risk and protective factors for suicide attempts, for the major ethnic groups in Singapore, and ethnic differences in prediction of lethality. Three years of medical records related to suicide attempters (N = 666) who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore were subjected to analysis. Of the sample, 69.2% were female, 30.8% male; 63.8% Chinese, 15.8% Indian, and 15.0 % Malay. Indians were over represented in this sample, as compared with the ethnic distribution in the general population. Ages ranged from 10 to 85 years old (M = 29.7, SD = 16.1). Ethnic differences were found in risk and protective factors, and perceived lethality of suicide attempts. All available variables were subjected to regression analyses for Chinese, Indian and Malay attempters to arrive at parsimonious models for prediction of perceived lethality. The findings were discussed in regards to implications in assessment of suicide risk and primary prevention for the multiethnic society in Singapore.

Item ID: 48353
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Additional Information:

© 2017 Choo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Projects and Grants: JCU CRT/2016/ 30
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2017 04:07
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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