A comparison of the work capacity of Ongole (Bos indicus), Bali (Bos sondicus) and Madura cows. I. untrained

Komarudin-Mas'sum, , Teleni, E., Martin, Donna G., and Affandy, Lukman (1991) A comparison of the work capacity of Ongole (Bos indicus), Bali (Bos sondicus) and Madura cows. I. untrained. Draught Animal Bulletin, 2. pp. 7-15.

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Abstract

[Extract] In Indonesia, buffaloes and cattle are normally subjected to draught loads of 400 to 600 Newtons (see Bakrie 1991). It was suggested by Martin and Teleni (1989) that a trained buffalo could sustain a draught load, equivalent to 11% of its live weight, for 3 h while walking continuously at a constant speed of 0.69 m/sec. While this capacity would easily allow buffaloes and cattle with live weights of 300 kg or greater, to cope with the draught loads normally experienced during the ploughing seasons, it is likely to be critical in the smaller size animals such as Bali and Madura cattle.

Bali cattle is the main breed of cattle distributed to farmers in the transmigration areas of Indonesia (see Komarudin-Ma'sum & Teleni 1991). Their work and other productive performances are therefore extremely important to the development of land and prosperity of farmers in these areas.

The study described here was undertaken to compare the work capacity of Bali cattle with those of Ongole and Madura cattle, the other two main breeds of cattle in Indonesia.

Item ID: 48307
Item Type: Article (Non-Refereed Research)
Keywords: Ongole; Bali cow; Madura cow; work capacity
ISSN: 1035-0608
Funders: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Projects and Grants: ACIAR Draught Animal Project
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2017 01:13
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0799 Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 079999 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839999 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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