Characterisation of Low Reynolds Number Fountain Behaviour

Williamson, N., Srinarayana, N., Armfield, S.W., McBain, G., and Lin, W. (2007) Characterisation of Low Reynolds Number Fountain Behaviour. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. pp. 699-703. From: 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 3-7 December 2007, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Experimental evidence for previously unreported fountain behaviouris presented. It has been found that the first unstable mode of a wall bounded three dimensional round fountain is a laminar flapping motion that can grow to a circling or multi-modal flapping motion. With increasing Froude and Reynolds numbers, fountain behaviour becomes more disorderly,exhibiting a laminar bobbing motion. The transition between steady behaviour, the initial flapping modes and the laminar bobbing flow can be approximately described by a function C = FrRe2/3. The transition to turbulence occurs at Re > 120, independent of Froude number. For Fr > 20 and Re . 120, sinuous shear instabilities have been observed in the rising fluid column. For Re > 120 these instabilities cause the fountain to intermittently breakdown into turbulent jet like flow. A regime map of the fountain behaviour for 0:7 < Fr < 55 and 15 < Re < 1100 is presented and the underlying mechanisms for the observed behaviour are proposed.

Item ID: 4824
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-1-86499-894-8
Keywords: fountain; experimental study; instability; entrainment; transitional flow; buoyancy
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Funders: Australian Research Council
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2009 04:06
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 50%
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