Incidence of middle ear barotrauma in staged versus linear chamber compression during hyperbaric oxygen therapy: a double blinded, randomized controlled trial

Wei Aun Ng, Andrew , Muller, Reinhold, and Orton, John (2017) Incidence of middle ear barotrauma in staged versus linear chamber compression during hyperbaric oxygen therapy: a double blinded, randomized controlled trial. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, 44 (2). pp. 101-119.

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Abstract

Context: Middle ear barotrauma (MEB) is common during chamber compression in hyperbaric oxygen therapy. However, little evidence exists on an optimal compression protocol to minimize the incidence and severity of MEB.

Objective: To compare the incidence of MEB during hyperbaric oxygen therapy using two different chamber compression protocols.

Design: Double-blinded, randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Hyperbaric Medicine Unit, The Townsville Hospital, Queensland, Australia, September 2012 to December 2014.Patients: 100 participants undergoing their first hyperbaric oxygen therapy session.

Intervention: Random assignment to a staged (n=50) or a linear (n=50) compression protocols. Photographs of tympanic membranes were taken pre- and post-treatment and then graded. Middle ear barotrauma was defined as an increase of at least one grade on a modified TEED scale.

Results: The observed MEB incidence under the staged protocol was 48% compared to 62% using the linear protocol (P=0.12, exact one-sided binomial test),and thus the staged protocol did not show a significant improvement in MEB. However, the staged protocol resulted in significantly less severe deteriorations in MEB grades when compared to the linear protocol(P=0.028, exact one-sided Mann-Whitney type test).

Conclusion: The use of the assessed staged compression protocol for the first hyperbaric oxygen treatment showed no significant effect on the overall incidence of MEB when compared to the gold standard linear protocol but resulted in a significant improvement in the severity of the experienced MEBs. Further studies are needed to elucidate an optimal compression protocol to minimize middle ear barotrauma.

Item ID: 48173
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: ear barotrauma; hyperbaric oxygen therapy; middle ear; side effects
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ISSN: 1066-2936
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2017 23:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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