Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons

Heimann, Kirsten, Muthu, Subramanian Senthilkannan, and Karthikeyan, Obulisamy Parthiba (2017) Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons. Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes . Springer, Singapore.

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Abstract

This book details three main topics: the screening and characterization of hydrocarbons from air, soil and water; tehnologies in the biodegradation of hydrocarbons; and the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, as well as recent developments in the remediation of hydrocarbons and their environmental benefits. The first section focusses on screening methods, qualitative and quantitative analysis of hydrocarbons from soil, air and water environments. The second section examines technologies for removing hydrocarbon contaminants from various environments, especially advanced technologies for the removal of hydrocarbons and in-situ and ex-situ remediation strategies and problems, as well as concrete case studies. The last section, covering the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals highlights the biochemicals and bioproducts developed from hydrocarbons, with a particular focus on biochemical and chemical technologies used to produce biopolymers, biofuel precursors and commodity chemicals from hydrocarbons.

Research Statement

Research Background Hydrocarbon oil contamination from natural sepages and anthropogenic sources poses severe environemntal risks. Hydrocarbon contaminants can only be quantified using costly sophisticated radioisotope analyses and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Here, technologies are being presented for their analysis and potential for biological remediaiton of contaminated environments.
Research Contribution This book provides an overview of hydrocarbon pollution in various environments, soil, water and air. It introduces technical detail for analysis of hydrocarbon contaminants and their speciation potential in these various environments. Advanced technologies for the removal of hydrocarbon contaminants in -situ and ex-situ remediation strategies are detailed, as are associated and encountered problems. Lastly, the potential of hydrocarbon contaminant recylcing is examined using case-studies to provide insight into biochemical and microbial technologies that can yield biopolymers, biofuel precursors and commodity chemicals.
Research Significance As oil and gas exploitation increase to service the growing energy demand of the fast rising population, so should our attempts to manage soil, water and air. The book also investigates potential for value-adding co-product development such as biosurfactants and the option to use specialist bacteria, fungi and yeast for biological upgrading of our vast heavy and extra-heavy crude oil reserves.
Item ID: 48149
Item Type: Book (Research - A1)
Keywords: hydrocarbon, bioremediation, bio-products, biofuel, bio-polymer, bioprocess design
ISBN: 978-981-10-0201-4
ISSN: 2345-766X
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 04:33
FoR Codes: 10 TECHNOLOGY > 1002 Environmental Biotechnology > 100203 Bioremediation @ 40%
10 TECHNOLOGY > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts @ 20%
10 TECHNOLOGY > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100305 Industrial Microbiology (incl Biofeedstocks) @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960511 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Urban and Industrial Environments @ 40%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860604 Organic Industrial Chemicals (excl. Resins, Rubber and Plastics) @ 30%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860606 Plastics in Primary Forms @ 30%
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