The role of affect-driven impulsivity in gambling cognitions: a convenience-sample study with a Spanish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale

Del Prete, Francesco, Steward, Trevor, Navas, Juan F., Fernández-Aranda, Fernando, Jiménez-Murcia, Susana, Oei, Tian P.S., and Perales, José C. (2017) The role of affect-driven impulsivity in gambling cognitions: a convenience-sample study with a Spanish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (1). pp. 51-63.

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Background and aims: Abnormal cognitions are among the most salient domain-specific features of gambling disorder. The aims of this study were: (a) to examine and validate a Spanish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004) and (b) to examine associations between cognitive distortion levels, impulsivity, and gambling behavior.

Methods: This study first recruited a convenience sample of 500 adults who had gambled during the previous year. Participants were assessed using the Spanish version of GRCS (GRCS-S) questionnaire, the UPPS-P impulsivity questionnaire, measures of gambling behavior, and potentially relevant confounders. Robust confirmatory factor analysis methods on half the sample were used to select the best models from a hypothesis-driven set. The best solutions were validated on the other half, and the resulting factors were later correlated with impulsivity dimensions (in the whole n = 500 factor analysis sample) and clinically relevant gambling indices (in a separate convenience sample of 137 disordered and non-disordered gamblers; validity sample).

Results: This study supports the original five-factor model, suggests an alternative four-factor solution, and confirms the psychometric soundness of the GRCS-S. Importantly, cognitive distortions consistently correlated with affect- or motivation-driven aspects of impulsivity (urgency and sensation seeking), but not with cognitive impulsivity (lack of premeditation and lack of perseverance).

Discussion and conclusions: Our findings suggest that the GRCS-S is a valid and reliable instrument to identify gambling cognitions in Spanish samples. Our results expand upon previous research signaling specific associations between gambling-related distortions and affect-driven impulsivity in line with models of motivated reasoning.

Item ID: 48121
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2063-5303
Keywords: gambling disorder, impulsivity, cognitive biases, gambling cognitions, psychometric tools
Additional Information:

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funders: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MEC), Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte (MECD), Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo (MSC), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISC), European Regional Development Funds (ERDF)
Projects and Grants: MEC PSI2013-45055, MECD FPU13/00669, MSC RD12/0028/0017, ISC FIS PI14/00290, ISC CIBERobn, MEC PSI2015-68701-R
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 06:11
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520399 Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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