Evaluating correlation coefficients for clustering gene expression profiles of cancer

Jaskowiak, Pablo A., Campello, Ricardo J.G.B., and Costa, Ivan G. (2012) Evaluating correlation coefficients for clustering gene expression profiles of cancer. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (7409), pp. 120-131. From: 7th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, 15-17th August 2012, Campo Grande, Brazil.

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Abstract

Cluster analysis is usually the first step adopted to unveil information from gene expression data. One of its common applications is the clustering of cancer samples, associated with the detection of previously unknown cancer subtypes. Although guidelines have been established concerning the choice of appropriate clustering algorithms, little attention has been given to the subject of proximity measures. Whereas the Pearson correlation coefficient appears as the de facto proximity measure in this scenario, no comprehensive study analyzing other correlation coefficients as alternatives to it has been conducted. Considering such facts, we evaluated five correlation coefficients (along with Euclidean distance) regarding the clustering of cancer samples. Our evaluation was conducted on 35 publicly available datasets covering both (i) intrinsic separation ability and (ii) clustering predictive ability of the correlation coefficients. Our results support that correlation coefficients rarely considered in the gene expression literature may provide competitive results to more generally employed ones. Finally, we show that a recently introduced measure arises as a promising alternative to the commonly employed Pearson, providing competitive and even superior results to it.

Item ID: 47969
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
ISSN: 1611-3349
Funders: CAPES, CNPq, Brazil, FACEPE, FAPESP
Projects and Grants: FAPESP #2011/04247-5
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 03:59
FoR Codes: 01 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 0104 Statistics > 010401 Applied Statistics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970101 Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences @ 100%
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