Geochemical anomaly recognition of rare earth elements using multi-fractual modeling correlated with geological features, Central Iran

Khalajmasoumi, Masoumeh, Sadeghi, Behnam, Carranza, Emmanuel John M., and Sadeghi, Martiya (2017) Geochemical anomaly recognition of rare earth elements using multi-fractual modeling correlated with geological features, Central Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 181. pp. 318-332.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is the geological studies and delineation of geochemical anomalies of lanthanum (La), cerium(Ce) and yttrium(Y) rare earth elements (REEs) in Saghand area, Central Iran. In order to recognize themineralization zones considering their concentrations, the results of the sampled litho-geochemical data were processed by concentration–area (C–A) fractal model. The C–A log-log plots of the elements were generated and their thresholds were identified. Therefore, the high intensive geochemical anomalies of the studied elements were discriminated. A part of their high intensive geochemical anomalies are situated in the west of the study area occurred within the metasomatic, porphyry microdioritic and acidic volcanic rocks associated with epidotic alterations. The other high intensive geochemical anomalies of Ce and Y are located in the center of the study area. In addition, themoderate anomalies of La and Cewere located in themetasomatic units associated with epidote and chlorite alterations in the central part of the study area. The SE parts of the Cemoderate anomalies are probably related to basic dykes associating with epidotic alterations which are situated between metasomatic and microdioritic units. Based on the results obtained from multi-fractal modeling, the locations of the main anomalies of La, Ce and Y were recognized which all are in the western, central, southern, and SE parts of the study area. Several high and moderate concentration anomalies obtained from the C–A model were confirmed by ground surveying and compared with the achieved result from remote sensing investigation. According to the correlation between geological particulars and obtained REEs anomalies, it has been proved that the proper and promising areas are in metasomatite rock units, chlorite and epidote alterations in the western and central part of the study area. By Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) studies of davidite and uraninite minerals,it was determined that the REEs mineralization in this area have taken place mostly in the formof replacement in radioactive elements uranium(U) and thorium(Th). The combination of the field observations and mineralogical studies based on the type of REEs mineralization in the study area revealed that one of themain factors controlling the mineralization is related to metasomatism.

Item ID: 47936
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0375-6742
Keywords: rare earth elements; geochemical anomaly recognition; multi-fractal modeling; concentration-area fractal model; Central Iran; Saghand
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 05:06
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040201 Exploration Geochemistry @ 50%
01 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 0103 Numerical and Computational Mathematics > 010301 Numerical Analysis @ 50%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840107 Titanium Minerals, Zircon, and Rare Earth Metal Ore (e.g. Monazite) Exploration @ 100%
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