Transplacental infection in goats experimentally infected with a European strain of bluetongue virus serotype 8

Coetzee, Peter, Stokstad, Maria, Myrmel, Mette, Mutowembwa, Paidamwoyo, Loken, Torleiv, Venter, Estelle H., and Van Vuuren, Moritz (2013) Transplacental infection in goats experimentally infected with a European strain of bluetongue virus serotype 8. The Veterinary Journal, 197 (2). pp. 335-341.

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The capability of the recently emerged European strain of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) to cross the ruminant placenta has been established in experimental and field studies in both sheep and cattle. Seroprevalence rates in goats in North-Western Europe were high during the recent outbreak of BTV-8; however the capability of the virus to infect goats through the transplacental route has not been established.

In the present study, four Saanen goats were inoculated with the European strain of BTV-8 at 62 days of gestation; this resulted in mild clinical signs, however gross lesions observed post mortem were more severe. Viral RNA was detected by real-time RT-PCR in blood and tissue samples from three fetuses harvested from two goats at 43 days post infection. Conventional RT-PCR and genome sequencing targeting viral segment 2 confirmed infection of brain tissue with BTV-8 in two of these fetuses. In total, five of six fetuses demonstrated lesions that may have been associated with transplacental infection with BTV. Infected fetuses did not demonstrate neurological lesions. Low viral RNA concentrations in fetal blood and tissue further suggest that the infected fetuses would probably not have been born viraemic. The implications of these findings with regards to the epidemiology and overwintering of BTV-8 in Europe remains unclear.

Item ID: 47828
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-2971
Keywords: goats, transplacental infection, Bluetongue virus serotype 8, Europe, overwintering
Funders: Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (NVH), Tine Dairy Cooperative (Norway), Animalia Meat and Poultry Research Centre (Norway), Torstedt’s legacy (Norway)
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2017 07:38
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070712 Veterinary Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 100%
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