A synthetic fluid inclusion study of the solubility of monazite-(La) and xenotime-(Y) in H2O-Na-K-Cl-F-CO2 fluids at 800 °C and 0.5 GPa

Zhou, Li, Mavrogenes, John, Spandler, Carl, and Li, Heping (2016) A synthetic fluid inclusion study of the solubility of monazite-(La) and xenotime-(Y) in H2O-Na-K-Cl-F-CO2 fluids at 800 °C and 0.5 GPa. Chemical Geology, 442. pp. 121-129.

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Alkali-rich F-Cl-CO2-bearing aqueous fluids are thought to be common ore-forming fluids of carbonatite-associ- ated rare earth element (REE) deposits. Solubilities of synthetic monazite-(La) and xenotime-(Y) end-members in such fluids were determined at 800 °C and 0.5 GPa in a series of piston-cylinder experiments. At run conditions, solutions of NaCl/KCl (1.9 mol/kg) ± CO2 (5% mole), NaCl/KCl (1.7 mol/kg) ± NaF/KF (0.2 mol/kg) were trapped as synthetic fluid inclusions in quartz, and subsequently analyzed by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS). The resultant concentrations in these fluids are extremely low, ranging from 2.92 × 10− 6 to 3.05 × 10− 5 mol La/kg H2O and 3.97 × 10− 6 to 2.74 × 10− 5 mol Y/kg H2O. Such low solubilities indicate that fluids expelled from carbonatite melts contain insufficient phosphate and REE simultaneously to form REE deposits. Mixing REE-bearing fluids with phosphate-bearing aqueous fluids or interacting with apatite in the wall rock may be a key control on the deposition of REE phosphate minerals. In addition, our results show that, at nearly equal total ligand molality, solubilities of La and Y are both higher in F or CO2-bearing solutions than in Cl-only solutions, and the highest solubilities obtained overall were in NaCl + NaF solutions, which sig- nificantly increase by a factor of 9.4 for La and 6.1 for Y relative to NaCl-only solutions. Moreover, the solubility differences between xenotime and monazite in F/CO2-bearing solutions, shown as Y/La (molality ratio), are higher in K-bearing solutions than in Na-bearing solutions. Y/La in the NaCl + F/CO2 solutions are close to 1, whereas in the KCl + F/CO2 solutions Y/La increase to 2.9 and 2.0, respectively. These results indicate that during the evolution of carbonatitic fluids, enrichment of Na and F can significantly increase solubilities of all REE, whilst enrichment of K may promote the fractionation of HREE from LREE in the presence of F or CO2.

Item ID: 47741
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-6836
Keywords: REE deposit; monazite; xenotime; solubility; hydrothermal fluids; synthetic fluid inclusions
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
Projects and Grants: ARC #LP120100359 & #FT120100198, CAS QYZDB-SSW-DQC00 & #201504, NNSFC #40903028
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 03:51
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370508 Resource geoscience @ 20%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3703 Geochemistry > 370302 Inorganic geochemistry @ 50%
37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3705 Geology > 370505 Mineralogy and crystallography @ 30%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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