A single bout of arm-crank exercise promotes positive emotions and post-exercise hypotension in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease

Cavalcante, B.R., Ritti-Dias, R.M., Soares, A.H.G., Lima, A.H., Correia, M.A., De Matos, L.D., Gobbi, F., Leicht, A.S., Wolosker, N., and Cucato, G.G. (2017) A single bout of arm-crank exercise promotes positive emotions and post-exercise hypotension in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 53 (2). pp. 223-228.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.11...
 
6
2


Abstract

Objective/Background: The objective was to analyze the acute effects of a single bout of arm cranking exercise on affective and cardiovascular parameters in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Methods: This was a prospective, controlled, crossover study. Eleven men with symptomatic PAD underwent two experimental sessions in a random order: control or arm crank exercise (15 × 2 minutes bouts of arm crank exercise interrupted by 2 minutes rest intervals). During exercise, ratings of perceived exertion (Borg scale) and affective responses (pleasure/displeasure) were obtained at the first, fifth, tenth, and fifteenth bouts. Before and after the experimental sessions, cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure and heart rate) were obtained. Data were analysed by a two-way repeated measure analysis of variance with significance achieved at p < .05.

Results: During the arm crank exercise, patients reported positive feelings of pleasure. During exercise, heart rate (HR) remained within 80–90% of peak HR. Additionally, patients performed arm crank exercise with moderate levels of perceived exertion (Borg rating of 11–13) and with pleasant affective scores (Feeling Scale of +1 to +5). Blood pressure (systolic, diastolic, and mean) increase was lower after arm crank exercise than for control (greatest net effect: −15 ± 11 mmHg [p < .001]; −9 ± 5 mmHg [p < .001]; −9 ± 6 mmHg [p < .001], respectively), while HR increased (greatest net effect: +9 ± 6 beats per minute; p < .001).

Conclusion: A single bout of arm crank exercise promotes pleasurable feelings while reducing blood pressure in patients with symptomatic PAD.

Item ID: 47690
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-2165
Keywords: exercise, blood pressure, peripheral arterial disease, pleasure
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2017 05:20
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 60%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 2
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page