A typology of noun categorization devices

Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (2017) A typology of noun categorization devices. In: Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., and Dixon, R.M.W., (eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Typology. Cambridge Handbooks in Language and Linguistics . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 361-404.

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Grammatical means for the linguistic categorization of noun referents are found in just about every language of the world. Noun categorization devices range from large sets of numeral classifiers of Southeast Asia to highly grammaticalized closed sets of noun classes and genders in African and Indo-European languages. Further devices include noun classifiers, classifiers in possessive constructions, verbal classifiers and two less known types: locative and deictic classifiers. Classifiers share semantic features of animacy, humanness, shape and function. One language can combine several types of noun categorization devices. In ‘multiple classifier’ languages, the same morphemes occur in several grammatical contexts. Historically, categorization devices of one type can develop from another.

Item ID: 47581
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-316-13571-6
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2017 01:28
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4704 Linguistics > 470409 Linguistic structures (incl. phonology, morphology and syntax) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture @ 100%
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