Rumination, cognitive-behavioural avoidance and depression in an Australian clinical sample

Wells, David, Caltabiano, Nerina, and Caltabiano, Marie (2016) Rumination, cognitive-behavioural avoidance and depression in an Australian clinical sample. In: [Presented at the World Federation for Mental Health Conference 2016]. From: World Federation for Mental Health International Conference, 17-19 October 2016, Cairns, QLD, Australia.

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Abstract

The study re-investigated the factor structure of the Cognitive-Behavioural Avoidance Scale (Ottenbreit & Dobson, 2004). The study then investigated the relationship between avoid-ance, rumination and depression in terms of gender, age, life events and unique variance using the reinvestigated scale to measure cognitive-behavioural avoidance. Participants con-sisted of 158 severely depressed and anxious inpatients; there were 75 men (mean age of 49.9 years) and 83 females (mean age of 44.6 years). Participants completed the Cognitive-Behavioural Avoidance Scale; the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Brief COPE; The Ways of Coping Questionnaire – Escape – Avoidance Scale and the Response Styles Ques-tionnaire – Rumination Scale. The Cognitive-Behavioural Avoidance Scale was a valid instrument for measurement of avoidance in this sample but, after factor analysis, it differed in its' subscale structure from the original published version. Females had higher scores on all constructs; overall use of rumination decreases with age but there were different results for the three constructs when age by gender was examined; interpersonal life events were important for all participants and avoidance did contribute unique variance to the construct of depression.

Item ID: 47428
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
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Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 03:06
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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