Linking positive psychology to offender supervision outcomes: the mediating role of psychological flexibility, general self-efficacy, optimism, and hope

Woldgabreal, Yilma, Day, Andrew, and Ward, Tony (2016) Linking positive psychology to offender supervision outcomes: the mediating role of psychological flexibility, general self-efficacy, optimism, and hope. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43 (6). pp. 697-721.

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Abstract

This study examines the relationships between indicators of offender supervision outcomes and dimensions of positive psychological states (PPS). Results of a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the first-order positive psychology constructs converge to form a higher order construct of PPS which was inversely associated with supervision outcomes. Furthermore, the mediating effect of PPS on the relationship between criminogenic risk factors and all offender supervision outcome variables was statistically significant, suggesting that offenders with heightened PPS are likely to have fewer criminogenic risk factors and are less likely to be reported for technical violation, charged, reconvicted, and imprisoned. The implications of these findings for correctional theory, practice, and policy conclude the article.

Item ID: 47204
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: psychological flexibility, self-efficacy, optimism, hope, offender, supervision
ISSN: 1552-3594
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2017 07:50
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170104 Forensic Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940408 Rehabilitation and Correctional Services @ 100%
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