Pilot evaluation of the informant AD8 as a case-finding instrument for cognitive impairment in general practitioner clinics of Singapore: a brief report

Wan, Esther Yee Shuang, Shaik, Muhammad Amin, Adhha, Amir, Ng, Richard Mong Hoo, Thompson, Claire, Ong, Ivana, Xu, Jing, Chen, Christopher Li-Hsian, and Dong, Yanhong (2016) Pilot evaluation of the informant AD8 as a case-finding instrument for cognitive impairment in general practitioner clinics of Singapore: a brief report. The Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 17 (12). pp. 1147-1150.

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Abstract

Background: Case-finding services using a composite total risk score (TRS) and the informant AD8 have been previously recommended to detect cognitive impairment (CI) in government subsidized primary health care centers of Singapore (ie, polyclinics).

Objective: We compared the feasibility of implementing the services recommended for government-subsidized primary health care in private, primary health care service providers such as general practitioner (GP) clinics.

Method: 123 patients >= 60 years of age were recruited from 2 GP clinics within Singapore. Trained research personnel administered the AD8 to informants. Patients of the present study were compared against a random sample of 123 patients selected from polyclinics.

Results: Significantly higher positive screening rates (AD8 >= 3) were found among patients in polyclinics than GP clinics (P < .001). Patients attending polyclinics reported more comorbid medical issues such as subjective cognitive complaint (P < .001) and heart disease (P < .001). The TRS of patients attending polyclinics was significantly higher than those attending GP clinics (P < .001), indicating a higher proportion of patients at risk of CI in polyclinics. Therefore, patients attending polyclinics were found to have higher AD8 scores compared with patients in GP clinics (P < .001).

Conclusion: Compared with GP clinics, polyclinics may be more suited to provide case-finding services for the detection of CI in primary health care. (C) 2016 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

Item ID: 47129
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1538-9375
Keywords: case finding, cognitive screening, dementia, primary care
Funders: National Medical Research Council of Singapore (NMRC)
Projects and Grants: NMRC Health Services Research Grant HSRG/0041/2013
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 07:52
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111711 Health Information Systems (incl Surveillance) @ 60%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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