Imperatives in Arawá languages

de Carvalho, Mateus Cruz Maciel (2016) Imperatives in Arawá languages. Línguas Indígenas Americanas (LIAMES), 16 (2). pp. 307-322.

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Abstract

The Arawá languages are spoken in southern Amazonia by people who live in the Juruá-Purus interfluve. Typologically, the predicate structure of these languages is synthetic, and predominantly composed of suffixes. In this paper I provide a comparison of imperatives in Arawá languages in order to show both the features which they include, and the linguistic categories which these languages employ for the imperative. Contrary to expectation, the gender distinction (which is widespread in the grammars of Arawá languages) is only employed in imperatives in two languages (Jarawara and Kulina) in this family. All Arawá languages include ways to negate imperatives. Apart from Paumarí (which marks the negation in imperative constructions through the particle in the initial position in the clause), all Arawá languages have morphemes that can be attached to the verb root, indicating negation.

Item ID: 47037
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2177-7160
Keywords: imperatives; grammatical categories; Arawá languages
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Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2017 02:44
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200408 Linguistic Structures (incl Grammar, Phonology, Lexicon, Semantics) @ 100%
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