The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions

Dewhurst, Stephen A., Bould, Emma, Knott, Lauren M., and Thorley, Craig (2009) The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions. Journal of Memory and Language, 60 (1). pp. 154-164.

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Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false recognition with both list types were increased by manipulations that facilitated the generation of associates at study (blocked presentation of study lists and explicit instructions to generate associates of studied items). Experiments 3 and 4 showed that manipulations designed to increase test associations (test-induced priming and part-set cuing) did not increase levels of false memory with either list type. These findings indicate that false memories produced by both DRM and categorized lists are influenced by associations activated at study but not by associations activated at test.

Item ID: 46880
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1096-0821
Keywords: false recall; DRM procedure; category repetition
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council of Great Britain (ESRC)
Projects and Grants: ESRC grant R000221863
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2017 01:15
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170201 Computer Perception, Memory and Attention @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%
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