Evolutionary heritage influences Amazon tree ecology

Coelho de Souza, Fernando, Dexter, Kyle G., Phillips, Oliver L., Brienen, Roel J.W., Chave, Jerome, Galbraith, David R., López-gonzález, Gabriela, Mendoza, Abel Monteagudo, Pennington, R. Toby, Poorter, Lourens, Alexiades, Miguel, Esteban, Álvarez-Dávila, Andrade, Ana, Aragão, Luis E.O.C., Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro, Arets, Eric J.M.M., Aymard C., Gerardo A., Baraloto, Christopher, Barroso, Jorcely G., Bonal, Damien, Boot, Rene G.A., Camargo, José L.C., Comiskey, James A., Valverde, Fernando Cornejo, de Camargo, Plinio B., Di Fore, Anthony, Elias, Fernando, Erwin, Terry L., Feldpausch, Ted R., Ferreira, Leandro, Fyllas, Nikolaos, Gloor, Emanuel, Herault, Bruno, Herrera, Rafael, Higuchi, Niro, Honorio Coronado, Eurídice N., Killeen, Timothy J., Laurance, William F., Laurance, Susan, Lloyd, Jon, Lovejoy, Thomas, Malhi, Yadvinder, Maracahipes, Leandro, Marimon, Beatriz S., Marimon-Junior, Ben H., Mendoza, Casimiro, Morandi, Paulo, Neill, David A., Núñez Vargas, Percy, De Oliveira, Edmar A., Lenza, Eddie, Palacios, Water A. , Peñuela-Mora, Maria C., Pipoly, John J., Pitman, Nigel A., Prieto, Adriana, Quesada, Carlos A., Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma, Rudas, Agustín, Ruokolainen, Kalle, Salomão, Rafael P., Silveira, Marcos, Stropp, Juliana, ter Steege, Hans, Thomas-Caesar, Raquel, van der Hout, Peter, van der Heijden, Geertje M.F., van der Meer, Peter J., Vásquez, Rodolfo V., Vieira, Simone A., Vilanova, Emilio, Vos, Vincent A., Wang, Ophelia, Young, Kenneth R., Zagt, Roderick, J. , and Baker, Timothy R. (2016) Evolutionary heritage influences Amazon tree ecology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences, 283. 20161587. pp. 1-10.

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Abstract

Lineages tend to retain ecological characteristics of their ancestors through time. However, for some traits, selection during evolutionary history may have also played a role in determining trait values. To address the relative importance of these processes requires large-scale quantification of traits and evolutionary relationships among species. The Amazonian tree flora comprises a high diversity of angiosperm lineages and species with widely differing life-history characteristics, providing an excellent system to investigate the combined influences of evolutionary heritage and selection in determining trait variation. We used trait data related to the major axes of life-history variation among tropical trees (e.g. growth and mortality rates) from 577 inventory plots in closed-canopy forest, mapped onto a phylogenetic hypothesis spanning more than 300 genera including all major angiosperm clades to test for evolutionary constraints on traits. We found significant phylogenetic signal (PS) for all traits, consistent with evolutionarily related genera having more similar characteristics than expected by chance. Although there is also evidence for repeated evolution of pioneer and shade tolerant life-history strategies within independent lineages, the existence of significant PS allows clearer predictions of the links between evolutionary diversity, ecosystem function and the response of tropical forests to global change.

Item ID: 46720
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-2954
Keywords: Amazon rainforest, phylogeny, evolutionary history
Additional Information:

Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funders: Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (GBMF), European Union Seventh Framework Programme (EU FP7), Environment Research Council (ERC), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES, Brazil), Leverhulme Trust (LT)
Projects and Grants: EU FP7 project GEOCARBON 283080, EU FP7 project AMAZALERT 282664, ERC Grant "Tropical Forests in the Changing Earth System", NERC Urgency Grant AMAZONICA NE/F005806/1, NERC Consortium Grant TROBIT NE/D005590/1, NERC Grant "Niche evolution of South American trees" NE/I028122/1, CNPq project Programa de Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração PELD-403725/2012-7, CAPES PhD scholorship 117913-6, ERC Advanced Grant, LT research fellowship RF-2015-653
Research Data: http://dx.doi.org/10.5521/FORESTPLOTS.NET/2016_4., https://www.forestplots.net/data-packages/coelho-de-souza-et-al-2016
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2017 00:04
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060309 Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis @ 60%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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