The interrelationship between orthorexia nervosa, perfectionism, body image and attachment

Barnes, Marta, and Caltabiano, Marie (2016) The interrelationship between orthorexia nervosa, perfectionism, body image and attachment. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 23 (Supplement 1). O185. S60-S60.

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Introduction: The aim of the study was to investigate whether perfectionism, body image, attachment style, and self-esteem are predictors of orthorexia nervosa.

Methods: A cohort of 220 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire consisting of five measures: ORTO-15, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire- Appearance Scale (MBSRQ-AS), the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ), and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES).

Results: Correlation analysis revealed that higher orthorexic tendencies significantly correlated with higher scores for perfectionism [self-oriented, others-oriented and socially prescribed], appearance orientation, overweight preoccupation, self-classified weight, and fearful and dismissing attachment styles. Higher orthorexic tendencies also correlated with lower scores for body areas satisfaction and a secure attachment style. There was no significant correlation between orthorexia nervosa and self-esteem. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that overweight preoccupation, appearance orientation and the presence of an eating disorder history were significant predictors of orthorexia nervosa.

Conclusions: Orthorexia nervosa shares similarities with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa with regards to perfectionism, body image attitudes, and attachment style. In addition, a history of an eating disorder strongly predicts orthorexia nervosa. These findings suggest that these disorders might be on the same spectrum of disordered eating.

Item ID: 46704
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1532-7558
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Presented at 2016 ICBM: 14th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine: behavioral medicine: making an impact in the modern world, 7-10 December 2016, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 00:24
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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