A rapid assessment of wildlife tourism risk posed to cetaceans in Asia

Mustika, Putu, Welters, Riccardo, Ryan, Gerard Edward, D'Lima, Coralie, Sorongon-Yap, Patricia, Jutapruet, Suwat, and Peter, Cindy (2017) A rapid assessment of wildlife tourism risk posed to cetaceans in Asia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25 (8). pp. 1138-1158.

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Dolphin-watching tourism is growing globally. In developing countries, the typically low environmental awareness of operators and poorly enforced or non-existent regulations exacerbate risks to wildlife. Ecological indicators like behavioural responses are useful to assess wildlife tourism, but obtaining such data is slow and expensive. We modified the Driver–Pressure–State–Impact–Response (DPSIR) framework to rapidly assess the risk of dolphin-watching tourism harming, displacing or causing local extinction to dolphin populations, using human dimension data to complement limited ecological data. We assessed industries at seven dolphin-watching sites in six countries in Asia: Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines. All sites have reached or almost reached financial saturation except Cambodia and Malaysia. We find high risk to dolphins at the sites in India and Indonesia and intermediate risk at the site in Cambodia. Pending more ecological data, the risk at Thailand, the Philippines, and Malaysian sites might be low. Our analysis also indicates site-specific conservation recommendations for Driver, Pressure and Response. We suggest that the DPSIR framework is useful to assess the risk of a wildlife watching industry, even when the impact is uncertain due to insufficient ecological data.

Item ID: 46699
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1747-7646
Keywords: Cetacean watching; human dimensions; risk; developing countries; DPSIR; ecological indicator
Copyright Information: Published Version: © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Accepted Version: OA in an Institutional Repository after an 18 month embargo period.
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions (ARC-CoEED)
Projects and Grants: ARC-CoEED CE1101014
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2016 01:49
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 100%
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