An acute bout of exercise improves the cognitive performance of older adults

Johnson, Liam, Addamo, Patricia K., Raj, Isaac Selva, Borkoles, Erika, Wyckelsma, Victoria, Cyarto, Elizabeth, and Polman, Remco C. (2016) An acute bout of exercise improves the cognitive performance of older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 24 (4). pp. 591-598.

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Abstract

There is evidence that an acute bout of exercise confers cognitive benefits, but it is largely unknown what the optimal mode and duration of exercise is and how cognitive performance changes over time after exercise. We compared the cognitive performance of 31 older adults using the Stroop test before, immediately after, and at 30 and 60 min after a 10 and 30 min aerobic or resistance exercise session. Heart rate and feelings of arousal were also measured before, during, and after exercise. We found that, independent of mode or duration of exercise, the participants improved in the Stroop Inhibition task immediately postexercise. We did not find that exercise influenced the performance of the Stroop Color or Stroop Word Interference tasks. Our findings suggest that an acute bout of exercise can improve cognitive performance and, in particular, the more complex executive functioning of older adults.

Item ID: 46682
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1543-267X
Keywords: resistance exercise, aerobic exercise, executive function, older adults, Stroop task
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 07:32
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 60%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111702 Aged Health Care @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing @ 100%
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