Habitat associations of land birds in Fernando de Noronha, Brazil

Mestre, Luiz A.M., Roos, Andrei L., and Rechetelo, Juliana (2016) Habitat associations of land birds in Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Ornitologia Neotropical, 27. pp. 27-34.

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Abstract

Fernando de Noronha is one of few archipelagos of Brazil. These islands harbor five species of land birds: two introduced species (House Sparrow, Passer domesticus, and Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis), one widespread dove (Eared Dove, Zenaida auriculata) and two endemic passerines. The two endemic species, Noronha Vireo (Vireo gracilirostris) and Noronha Elaenia (Elaenia ridleyana), have been classified as 'Near Threatened' and 'Vulnerable', respectively. Here, we quantified the abundance of land birds and correlated it to habitat features to assess potential habitat preferences. We carried out 120 five-minute point counts in October 2009, and correlated bird abundance with percentages of woodland, bushes, low herbs, bare ground, and man-made habitats in each sample. The abundance of Noronha Vireo and Noronha Elaenia was positively correlated with woodland and bushes cover. The Eared Dove was associated to sites with bare ground, the House Sparrow with man-made habitats, and the Cattle Egret with low vegetation sites. Abundances of Noronha Vireo and Noronha Elaenia were significantly higher in sites with natural vegetation than in human-influenced areas. The association between these species and areas with high native vegetation cover highlights their potential vulnerability to human disturbance.

Item ID: 46512
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: abundance, Brazil, Bubulcus ibis, Elaenia ridleyana, Fernando de Noronha, habitat preference, Passer domesticus, Vireo gracilirostris, Zenaida auriculata
ISSN: 1075-4377
Funders: Centro Nacional de Pesquisas para a Conservacao da Aves Silvestres, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservacao da Biodiversidade, United Nations Development Program
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2016 07:38
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060311 Speciation and Extinction @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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