Kainate induced theta-frequency oscillatory network activity in the medial septum/diagonal band complex

Garner, H., Buhl, E., and Henderson, Z. (2002) Kainate induced theta-frequency oscillatory network activity in the medial septum/diagonal band complex. In: Posters from the Forum of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies. A146.6. From: FENS 2002: Forum of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, 13-17 July 2002, Paris, France.

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Abstract

The medial septum/diagonal band complex (MS/DB) forms part of the septo-hippocampal feedback loop and is thought to have a major functional role in the generation and/or maintenance of the hippocampal theta rhythm in vivo (4 * 15 Hz). Several different mechanistic scenarios may underlie the generation of a theta-frequency EEG pattern, amongst them (1) an external pacemaker-type input (2) theta activity being an emergent property of the septo-hippocampal feedback loop and (3) theta arising in the synaptic network of the MS/DB itself. This investigation tested the latter scenario by using an in vitro slice preparation of the (deafferented) MS/DB. Longitudinal slices (0.45 mm) from 21 day old rats were maintained at 32 deg C in an interface recording chamber perfused with oxygenated ACSF. Following the bath application of the AMPA/kainate receptor agonist kainate (25 *100 nM), extracellular recordings, using ACSF-filled micropipettes, showed rhythmic population activity with a mean peak frequency of ~6 Hz which was most prominent along the midline of the MS/DB. The higher concentrations of kainate were accompanied by corresponding increases in spectral power (amplitude).

Subsequently, intracellular recordings were obtained with QX-314 containing electrodes to prevent spiking-activity, and thus allowing IPSPs to be recorded at depolarised membrane potentials. These recordings revealed the presence of rhythmic IPSPs (~6 Hz) in the class of fast-firing cells of oscillating MS/DB slices, presumably arising in the mutually connected interneuronal network of the MS/DB and pacing the oscillation.

Moreover, these findings clearly demonstrate that the intrinsic circuitry of the isolated MS/DB complex is sufficient to generate rhythmic theta frequency activity.

Item ID: 46499
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
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Funders: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2016 23:51
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110902 Cellular Nervous System @ 70%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 40%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 60%
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