Lifetime impact of injury on education, employment and income for Australians of labour force participation age

Callander, E.J., and Lloyd, C. (2016) Lifetime impact of injury on education, employment and income for Australians of labour force participation age. Occupational Medicine, 66 (8). pp. 607-613.

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Abstract

Background: Research shows that employment rates are low post injury.

Aims: To quantify the economic impact of a long-term injury and identify whether having a tertiary level of education attainment would offset this impact.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2012 Survey of Disability, Aging and Carers, which is nationally representative of the Australian population.

Results: Males with any long-term injury had incomes 41% less than males with no chronic health condition (95% confidence interval [CI] −49.3%, −31.6%). For males with a long-term injury, there was no significant difference in the likelihood of being not in the labour force between those with and without a tertiary qualification (odds ratio [OR] 0.83, 95% CI 0.45–1.52). There was no significant difference in the incomes of females with any long-term injury compared with those with no chronic health conditions. For females with a long-term injury, there was a significant difference in the likelihood of being not in the labour force between those with and without a tertiary qualification (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.17–0.80). If men with a long-term injury had the same probability of participating in the workforce as women, the percentage of men not in the labour force would reduce from 37 to 18%.

Conclusions: Having a long-term injury was a significant personal cost in terms of labour force absence and lower income for males regardless of higher education attainment. For females, sustaining a long-term injury did not appear to significantly affect income.

Item ID: 46491
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-8405
Keywords: education; injury; rehabilitation
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC APP1052742
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 01:59
FoR Codes: 14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140208 Health Economics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9102 Microeconomics > 910209 Preference, Behaviour and Welfare @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920408 Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being) @ 50%
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