Changing paediatric emergency department model of care is associated with improvements in the National Emergency Access Target and a decrease in inpatient admissions

Margolis, Stephen A., Muller, Reinhold, Ypinazar, Valmae A, and Lawton, Ben (2016) Changing paediatric emergency department model of care is associated with improvements in the National Emergency Access Target and a decrease in inpatient admissions. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 28 (6). pp. 711-715.

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact on patient flow as noted by the National Emergency Access Target (NEAT), with the introduction of a new Paediatric ED (PEM ED) model of care.

Methods: This longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Logan Hospital, a 344 bed public hospital in metropolitan Brisbane, which opened a physically separate, dedicated PEM ED on 14 October 2014, incorporating approximately 30% more staff, limited changes in processes and no changes in governance. De-identified data of the entire clientele from the ED Information System were compared 365 days before and after the opening of the PEM ED.

Results: Although the number of children presenting to ED increased by 23% (pre 18 142, post 22 391), the median length of stay decreased substantially from 152 min to 138 min, resulting in a 7.75% rise in presentations that met the NEAT target (pre 77.41%, post 85.16%; P < 0.0001). Admission to the ED Short Stay Unit rose by 16.48% (pre 5.38%, post 21.86%; P < 0.0001), whereas final disposition to the inpatient paediatric unit fell by 2.30% (pre 11.43, post 9.13%; P < 0.0001). The clinical presentations were similar pre and post across age, sex, ethnicity, referral and arrival mode, Australasian Triage Scale category, presenting problem and discharge diagnosis.

Conclusion: NEAT times improved after changing the PEM ED model of care. Further studies may assist identifying which of the specific features within the new model are most effective for improving patient flow.

Item ID: 46164
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: National Emergency Access Target; paediatric emergency medicine
ISSN: 1742-6723
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2016 23:11
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111403 Paediatrics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 100%
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