Exploring the broader health and well-being outcomes of mining communities in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Mactaggart, Fiona, McDermott, Liane, Tynan, Anna, and Whittaker, Maxine (2018) Exploring the broader health and well-being outcomes of mining communities in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Global Public Health, 13 (7). pp. 899-913.

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Abstract

Health and well-being outcomes in communities living in proximity to mining activity may be influenced by a broad spectrum of factors including population growth, economic instability or land degradation. This review aims to synthesise broader outcomes associated with mining activity and in doing so, further explore possible determinants in communities of low- and middle-income countries. Four databases were systematically searched and articles were included if the study targeted adults residing in proximity to mining activity, and measured individual or community-level health or well-being outcomes. Narrative synthesis was conducted. Twelve articles were included. Mining was perceived to influence health behaviours, employment conditions, livelihoods and socio-political factors, which were linked to poorer health outcomes. Family relationships, mental health and community cohesion were negatively associated with mining activity. High-risk health behaviours, population growth and changes in vector ecology from environmental modification were associated with increased infectious disease prevalence. This review presents the broader health and well-being outcomes and their determinants, and strengthens the evidence to improve measurement and management of the public health implications of mining. This will support the mining sector to make sustainable investments, and support governments to maximise community development and minimise negative impacts.

Item ID: 46151
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1744-1706
Keywords: social determinants of health, well-being, mining activity, systematic review, public health
Funders: Wesley Medical Research (WMR), Australian Pacific Liquefied Natural Gas Limited (APLNG)
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2016 23:26
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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