Nutrient variation and availability of wheat DDGS, corn DDGS and blend DDGS from bioethanol plants

Nuez-Ortín, Waldo G., and Yu, Peiqiang (2009) Nutrient variation and availability of wheat DDGS, corn DDGS and blend DDGS from bioethanol plants. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 89 (10). pp. 1754-1761.

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Abstract

Background: The dramatic increase in bioethanol production in Canada has resulted in millions of tonnes of different types of new co-products: wheat dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), corn DDGS and blend DDGS (e.g. wheat:corn=70:30). There is an urgent need to systematically evaluate the nutritive value of different types of DDGS. Little research has been conducted to determine the magnitude of the differences in nutritive value among wheat DDGS, corn DDGS and blend DDGS and between different bioethanol plants. The objectives of this study were to compare different types of DDGS and different bioethanol plants in terms of: (1) chemical profiles; (2) mineral concentrations of sulfur (S), calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P); (3) protein and carbohydrate subfractions associated with different degradation rates; (4) digestible component nutrients and energy values; and (5) in situ rumen availability of each DDGS component.

Results: The results showed that chemical profiles differed among wheat DDGS, corn DDGS and blend DDGS. Mineral profiles were different among the three types of DDGS with wheat DDGS lower in S (3.9 vs. 7.2 g kg−1 DM), higher in Ca (1.8 vs. 0.5 g kg−1 DM) and P (9.1 vs. 7.7 g kg−1 DM) than corn DDGS, but similar to blend DDGS. Wheat DDGS had the lowest and corn DDGS had the highest energy values (TDN, DE3X, ME3X, NEL3X for dairy; NEm and NEg beef cattle) while blend DDGS was in between. Wheat DDGS was lower in the intermediately degradable CP fraction (PB2: 277 vs. 542 g kg−1 CP) and higher in the rapidly non-protein degradable fraction (163 vs. 114 g kg−1 CP) and slowly degradable CP fraction (PB3: 512 vs. 279 g kg−1 CP) than corn DDGS, but similar to blend DDGS. For carbohydrate subfractions, wheat DDGS was higher in non-structural carbohydrate fraction (NSC: 483 vs. 184 g kg−1 CHO), higher in highly degradable free sugars fraction (CA: 359 vs. 91 g kg−1 CHO), higher in unavailable CHO (CC: 204 vs. 142 g kg−1 CHO), similar in rapidly degradable CHO fraction (average 108 g kg−1 CHO), lower in intermediately degradable CHO (CB2: 313 vs. 674 g kg−1 CHO) than corn DDGS. Wheat DDGS had higher in situ CP degradability and lower NDF degradability than corn DDGS, but similar degradability to blend DDGS.

Conclusion: Among the three types of DDGS, they differed in chemical characterisation, mineral concentration (S, Ca, P), estimated energy values for both beef and dairy cattle, protein and carbohydrate subfractions, in situ degradability. Bioethanol plants also had significant impact on nutritive value of DDGS. The energy values (DE3X, ME3X, NEL3X, NEm and NEg) in wheat DDGS were similar to wheat and corn suggesting wheat DDGS as an alternative to wheat and corn in dairy and beef diets. The energy values (DE3X, ME3X, NEL3X, NEm and NEg) in corn DDGS were significantly higher than in corn, indicating that corn DDGS is superior to corn in dairy and beef diets. The energy values (DE3X, ME3X, NEL3X, NEm and NEg) in the blend DDGS were higher than that in wheat DDGS but similar to corn DDGS, suggesting blend DDGS as an alternative to corn and superior to wheat and wheat DDGS in dairy and beef diets.

Item ID: 45993
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: bioethanol co-products; dried distillers grains with solubles; chemical profiles; minerals; carbohydrate and protein subfraction; energy values; nutrient variation and availabilty
ISSN: 1097-0010
Funders: Agricultural Bioproducts Innovation Programme of Agriculture, Saskatchewan Agricultural Development Fund, Advancing Canadian Agriculture and Agri-Food
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 02:48
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070204 Animal Nutrition @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8603 Processed Non-Food Agriculture Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) > 860304 Prepared Animal Feed @ 100%
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