Urocortin 2 inhibits human aortic smooth muscle cell proliferation via corticotrophin releasing hormone receptor-2 in abdominal aortic aneurysm

Emeto, Theophilus, Moxon, Joseph, Biros, Erik, Clancy, Paula, Moran, Corey, Rush, Catherine, Woodward, Lynn, and Golledge, Jonathan (2012) Urocortin 2 inhibits human aortic smooth muscle cell proliferation via corticotrophin releasing hormone receptor-2 in abdominal aortic aneurysm. In: [Presented at the the 26th Vascular Research Initiative Conference]. From: VRIC 2012: 26th Annual Vascular Research Initiative Conference, 17 April 2012, Chicago, IL, USA.

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Abstract

Introduction: A key feature of abdominal aortic aneurysm is the loss of proliferation and paucity of vascular smooth muscle cells, the major cells within the aortic tunica media. It has been suggested that urocortin 2 (UCN2), a selective ligand for corticotrophin releasing factor receptor 2 (CRFR2) may play a beneficial role in various cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of this peptide in abdominal aortic aneurysm has not been studied in detail. Here we assessed the hypothesis that urocortin 2 promotes an aneurysm phenotype in human aortic smooth muscles in vitro via CRFR2.

Experimental Procedure: We assessed the release of UCN2 from explants of human tissue biopsies in vitro (Aortic aneurysm thrombus, n = 14; aortic aneurysm body, n = 11; femoral atheroma control, n = 6) using ELISA. We investigated the effect of incubating human aortic smooth muscle cells with recombinant UCN2 or aneurysm thrombus explants secretions at a UCN2 dose of 0, 10 and 100 nM for 24 and 48 hours (n = 6 per group x 3 experiments). Cell proliferation was determined by the alamarBlue® cell viability reagent. Results were analyzed and presented as mean ± SEM relative to the control. We also investigated the impact of blocking CRFR2 on UCN2 induced changes on these cells.

Results: Secretion of UCN2 was significantly higher from aneurysm thrombus (n = 14, p = 0.0020) and aneurysm body (n = 11, p = 0.0104) compared to femoral atheroma. Human aortic smooth muscle cells proliferation was dose dependently inhibited by recombinant UCN2 (p = 0.0172) and aortic aneurysm thrombus conditioned medium (p = 0.0273) after 24 hours. This effect of recombinant UCN2 was abrogated significantly by prior incubation with the CRFR2 blocker Astressin-2B (p = 0.0043). Similar effects were seen on incubating cells for 48 hours.

Conclusion: UCN2 is released in high concentrations by aortic aneurysm thrombus. UCN2 inhibits aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro via CRFR2. This effect may be relevant to the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Item ID: 45987
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
Keywords: abdominal aortic aneurysm, urocortin, thrombus, cardiovascular disease
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 02:45
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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