Effects of bioethanol plant and coproduct type on the metabolic characteristics of the proteins in dairy cattle

Nuez-Ortín, W.G., and Yu, P. (2010) Effects of bioethanol plant and coproduct type on the metabolic characteristics of the proteins in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 93 (8). pp. 3775-3783.

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Abstract

The dramatic increase in bioethanol production in Canada has resulted in millions of tonnes of different types of coproducts: wheat dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), corn DDGS, and blend DDGS (e.g., wheat: corn 70:30). The objectives of this study were 1) to investigate the effect of DDGS type and bioethanol plant on the metabolic characteristics of the proteins and the total truly digested and absorbed protein supply to dairy cattle using the DVE/OEB system and 2) to compare the metabolic characteristics of the proteins of original feedstock grains with their respective derived DDGS samples. The results showed that all types of DDGS are a good source of the truly digested and absorbed protein in the small intestine [DVE; 107 vs. 249 g/kg of dry matter (DM) for wheat and wheat DDGS; 108 vs. 251 g/kg of DM for corn and corn DDGS]. According to the DVE/OEB system, the predicted total DVE supply to dairy cattle differed among wheat DDGS (DVE = 249 g/kg of DM), corn DDGS (DVE = 251 g/kg of DM), and blend DDGS (DVE = 281 g/kg of DM) and, to a lesser extent, between the different bioethanol plants (DVE: 277 vs. 230 g/kg of DM for bioethanol plants 1 and 2). The results indicated the superior protein value of blend DDGS as well as that of the more optimum degraded protein balance (DPB) value for corn DDGS (DPB: 11 g/kg of DM in corn DDGS vs. 72 g/kg of DM in wheat DDGS and 55 g/kg of DM in blend DDGS). In addition, differences in the acid detergent-insoluble crude protein content of wheat DDGS samples were reflected in differing protein DVE values. In conclusion, it is inappropriate to assume fixed protein values for DDGS without considering factors such as DDGS type and bioethanol plant origin.

Item ID: 45977
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1525-3198
Keywords: bioethanol coproduct, DVE/OEB system, protein evaluation, metabolic characteristic of protein
Funders: Canadian Ministry of Agriculture (CMA), Agricultural Bioproducts Innovation Programme of Agriculture, Beef Cattle Research Council, Saskatchewan Agricultural Development Fund
Projects and Grants: CMA Strategic Feed Research Chair Programme
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 02:51
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070204 Animal Nutrition @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8603 Processed Non-Food Agriculture Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) > 860304 Prepared Animal Feed @ 100%
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