Linked optimal reactive contaminant source characterization in contaminated mine sites: case study

Esfahani, Hamed K., and Datta, Bithin (2016) Linked optimal reactive contaminant source characterization in contaminated mine sites: case study. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 142 (12). 04016061. pp. 1-14.

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Application of a developed methodology for characterization of distributed contaminant sources in a contaminated mine site aquifer involving complex geochemical processes is presented. Linked simulation-optimization models are widely used as efficient tools for identifying unknown groundwater pollution sources. This is an essential first step in determining effective and reliable groundwater management and remediation strategies for a polluted aquifer. However, linking robust numerical models to simulate the transport processes of reactive chemical contaminant species in aquifers involving complex and highly nonlinear physical and geochemical process increases the computational burden extensively, and may affect the feasibility and efficiency of the methodology. To overcome this computational limitation and improve the computational feasibility by avoiding the necessity of repeated numerical simulations, genetic programming-based trained surrogate models are developed to approximately simulate such complex transport processes. Simulation model solution results are then approximated by training and testing genetic programming (GP)-based surrogate models. Performance evaluation of the GP models as surrogate models for the reactive species transport in groundwater demonstrates the feasibility of its use and the associated computational advantages. Some of the hydrogeologic parameter uncertainties are also incorporated in the surrogate models by using training samples obtained by random perturbation of the parameters. The linked simulation-optimization based methodology is evaluated for a contaminated former mining site in Queensland, Australia, as a limited case study.

Item ID: 45842
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1943-5452
Keywords: geochemical transport simulation; source characterization; genetic programming surrogate models; linked simulation-optimization; contaminated aquifers; mine sites
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A version of this publication was included as Chapter 4 of the following PhD thesis: Esfahani, Hamed K. (2016) Development of integrated methodologies for optimal characterization of reactive contaminant sources and monitoring network design in polluted aquifer sites. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2016 01:16
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4005 Civil engineering > 400513 Water resources engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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